Wearable Robots, Exoskeletons Market Size, Shares, Market Strategies, and Market Forecasts, 2015 to 2021

Wearable Robots, Exoskeletons at $16.5 million in 2014 are anticipated to reach $2.1 billion by 2021. New technology from a range of vendors provide multiple designs actually work. This bodes well for market development. Wearable robots, exoskeletons are used for permitting paraplegic wheel chair patients walk.

A new study Wearable Robots, Exoskeletons: Market Shares, Strategy, and Forecasts, Worldwide, 2015 to 2021. Wearable Robots, Exoskeletons leverage better technology, they support high quality, lightweight materials and long life batteries. Wearable robots, exoskeletons are used for permitting paraplegic wheel chair patients walk. They are used to assist with weight lifting for workers: Designs with multiple useful features are available. The study has 421 pages and 161 tables and figures.

Wearable robots, exoskeletons units are evolving additional functionality rapidly. Wearable robots functionality is used to assist to personal mobility via exoskeleton robots. They promote upright walking and relearning of lost functions. Exoskeletons are helping older people move after a stroke. Exoskeleton s deliver higher quality rehabilitation, provide the base for a growth strategy for clinical facilities.

Exoskeletons support occupational heavy lifting. Exoskeletons are poised to play a significant role in warehouse management, ship building, and manufacturing. Usefulness in occupational markets is being established. Emerging markets promise to have dramatic and rapid growth.

Industrial workers and warfighters can perform at a higher level when wearing an exoskeleton. Exoskeletons can enable paraplegics to walk again. Devices have the potential to be adapted further for expanded use in healthcare and industry. Elderly people benefit from powered human augmentation technology. Robots assist wearers with walking and lifting activities, improving the health and quality of life for aging populations.

Exoskeletons are being developed in the U.S., China, Korea, Japan, and Europe. They are useful in medical markets. They are generally intended for logistical and engineering purposes, due to their short range and short battery life. Most exoskeletons can operate independently for several hours. Chinese manufacturers express hope that upgrades to exoskeletons extending the battery life could make them suitable for frontline infantry in difficult environments, including mountainous terrain.

Robotics has tremendous ability to support work tasks and reduce disability. Disability treatment with sophisticated exoskeletons is anticipated to providing better outcomes for patients with paralysis due to traumatic injury. With the use of exoskeletons, patient recovery of function is subtle or non existent, but getting patients able to walk and move around is of substantial benefit, People using exoskeleton robots are able to make continued progress in regaining functionality even years after an injury.

Rehabilitation robotic technologies developed in the areas of stroke rehabilitation and SCI represent therapeutic interventions with utility at varying points of the continuum of care. Exoskeletons are a related technology, but provide dramatic support for walking for people who simply cannot walk.

Parker Hannifin Indego intends to include functional electrical stimulation. It accelerates recovery of therapy in every dimension. Implementation in these kinds of devices is a compelling use of the electrical stimulation technology.

It is a question of cost. The insurance will only pay for a small amount of exoskeleton rehabilitation. More marketing will have a tremendous effect in convincing people that they can achieve improvements even after years of effort.

Rehabilitation robotics includes development of devices for assisting performance of sensorimotor functions. Devices help arm, hand, leg rehabilitation by supporting repetitive motion that builds neurological pathways to support use of the muscles. Development of different schemes for assisting therapeutic training is innovative. Assessment with sensorimotor performance helps patients move parts of the body that have been damaged.

Exoskeletons are used mainly as therapy aids in this manner, highly targeted, highly specific as to how much movement is supported at any one time. Learning how to walk for a wheelchair bound patient or relearning of lost functions in a patient depends on stimulation of desire to conquer the disability. Effective tools help incent desire of the patient to get better.

Initially when a market is just developing and it is going through the early adopter phase, penetration analysis is an appropriate balance to growth %. The penetration analysis for wearable robots is still too small to be useful but it is useful to bear in mind that there is tremendous upside to this market.

Wearable Robots, Exoskeletons at $16.5 million in 2014 are anticipated to reach $2.1 billion by 2021. New technology from a range of vendors provide multiple designs actually work. This bodes well for market development.

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WEARABLE ROBOT EXOSKELETON EXECUTIVE SUMMARY 
Wearable Robot Exoskeleton Market Driving Forces 33
Exoskeletons as Rehabilitation Assistive Devices 34
Exoskeleton Rehabilitation Robots Decrease the Cost of Recovery 36
Exoskeleton Market Shares 38
Wearable Robot, Exoskeleton Market Forecasts 41

1. WEARABLE ROBOT EXOSKELETON MARKET DESCRIPTION AND MARKET DYNAMICS 43
1.1 Wearable Robot Exoskeleton Market Definition 43
1.2 Market Growth Drivers For Exoskeletons 45
1.3 Human Augmentation 46
1.3.1 Exoskeleton Technology 47
1.4 Rehabilitation 48
1.4.1 Ekso Pulse System 50
1.4.2 Electrical Stimulation 50
1.4.3 Robotic Therapy Devices 51
1.4.4 Partial Body Weight-Supported Treadmill 52
1.4.5 Virtual Reality (including Wii-hab) 52
1.4.6 Brain Stimulation 52
1.4.7 Acupuncture 53
1.4.8 Mental Practice 53
1.4.9 Mirror Therapy 53
1.4.10 Evidence-Based Treatment Protocols 53
1.5 Traumatic Brain Injury Program 54
1.5.1 Concussion Program 54
1.6 Exoskeleton Research in the Market For Use In Gait Training 55
1.6.1 Running with Robots 58
1.6.2 Use Of Video Game Technology In PT 59
1.6.3 Telemedicine Growing Trend In The Physical Therapy Space 60
1.7 Robotic Rehabilitation Devices Based On Automated Process 61
1.7.1 Automated Process for Rehabilitation Robots 62
1.7.2 Why Rehabilitation is Essential 68
1.7.3 Rehabilitation Involves Relearning of Lost Functions 69
1.8 Robotic Exoskeletons Empower Patient Rehabilitation Achievements 72
1.8.1 Seizing the Robotics Opportunity 72
1.8.2 Modular Self-Reconfiguring Robotic Systems 73
1.9 Home Medical Exoskeletons 73
1.9.1 Telemedicine and Domestic Robots 74
1.9.2 Rehabilitation Robots Provide Intensive Training For Patients And Physical Relief For Therapists 75
1.10 Safety Standards For Exoskeletons In Industry 76

2. EXOSKELETON MARKET SHARES AND MARKET FORECASTS 78
2.1 Exoskeleton Market Driving Forces 78
2.1.1 Exoskeletons as Rehabilitation Assistive Devices 79
2.1.2 Exoskeleton Rehabilitation Robots Decrease the Cost of Recovery 82
2.2 Exoskeleton Market Shares 83
2.2.1 Medical Exoskeleton Rehabilitation Robot Market Shares, Units 89
2.2.1 Ekso Exoskeleton Market Share Unit Analysis 90
2.2.2 Ekso Bionics Robotic Suit Helps Paralyzed Man Walk Again 90
2.2.3 ReWalk™ Exoskeleton Suit Home Use 91
2.2.4 AlterG Bionic Leg Customer Base 92
2.2.5 Hocoma Robotic Rehabilitation 93
2.2.6 Homoca Helping Patients To Grasp The Initiative And Reach Towards Recovery 94
2.2.7 Able-Bodied Exoskeletons 97
2.2.8 Parker Hannifin 98
2.2.9 UK Armed Police Super-Light Graphene Vests From US Army 98
2.3 Wearable Robot, Exoskeleton Market Forecasts 99
2.3.1 Medical Exoskeleton Robot Market Segments 104
2.3.2 Medical Wearable Robot Exoskeleton, Paraplegic, Multiple Sclerosis,Stroke, And Cerebral Palsy Market Segments 104
2.3.3 Medical Market for Wearable Robotic Exoskeleton Devices 107
2.3.4 Spinal Cord Injuries 110
2.4 Industrial Wearable Robot Exoskeleton Forecasts 111
2.4.1 Industrial Wearable Robots, Exoskeleton Robot Market Segments 113
2.4.2 Save Lives And Prevent Injury 115
2.4.3 Exoskeletons Change The Face Of Shipbuilding 117
2.4.4 Gait Training 121
2.4.5 Sports Training 122
2.4.6 Exoskeletons 122
2.4.7 End-effectors 122
2.4.8 Exoskeleton-Based Rehabilitation 123
2.4.9 Mobility Training Level Of Distribution 123
2.5 Disease Incidence and Prevalence Analysis 126
2.5.1 Robotic Therapeutic Stroke Rehabilitation 126
2.5.2 Aging Of The Population 127
2.5.3 Disease Rehabilitation 128
2.5.1 Rehabilitation of Hip Injuries 129
2.6 Exoskeleton Prices 131
2.6.1 Ekso Bionics 131
2.7 Exoskeleton Robots Regional Analysis 133
2.7.1 US 135
2.7.2 Europe 136
2.7.3 Japan 136
2.7.4 Ekso Bionics Regional Presence 138
2.7.5 China 139
2.7.6 Chinese Academy of Sciences Mind-Control Exoskeleton Intelligent Cars 140
2.7.7 World Cup Mind Controlled Exoskeletons 142
2.7.8 Korea 143

3. WEARABLE ROBOT EXOSKELETON PRODUCTS 144
3.1 Ekso 144
3.1.1 Ekso Exoskeletons and Body Armor for U.S. Special Operations Command (SOCOM) 144
3.1.2 Ekso TALOS Suit 145
3.1.3 Ekso Bionics Make Talos Exoskeletons for Socom US Special Operations Command 145
3.1.4 Ekso SOCOM Collaborative Design Of The Project 147
3.1.5 Ekso Quiet Power Sources 147
3.1.6 Ekso Bionic Suits 147
3.1.7 Ekso Muscle Memory 148
3.1.8 Ekso Bionics 149
3.1.9 Esko Technology 152
3.1.10 Ekso Gait Training Exoskeleton Uses 155
3.1.11 Ekso Bionics Rehabilitation 160
3.1.12 Ekso Bionics Robotic Suit Helps Paralyzed Man Walk Again 163
3.1.13 Ekso Go To Market Strategy 163
3.1.14 Ekso Exoskeleton To Achieve Rehabilitation In The Home 165
3.2 Rewalk 166
3.2.1 ReWalk Personal 6.0 169
3.2.2 ReWalk Exoskeleton Suit Home Use 171
3.2.3 ReWalk Personal System 175
3.2.4 ReWalk Rehabilitation 177
3.2.5 ReWalk–Q 179
3.3 Sarcos 181
3.3.1 Sarcos Guardian XO 181
3.3.2 Sarcos Robot-as-a-Service (RaaS) Model 184
3.3.3 Sarcos Raytheon XOS 2: Second Generation Exoskeleton 187
3.3.4 Sarcos LC Acquires Raytheon Sarcos Unit of Raytheon 188
3.4 Rex Bionics Rex 192
3.4.1 Rex Bionics Rex P 194
3.5 Cyberdyne 196
3.5.1 Cyberdyne HAL 197
3.5.2 Applications of Cyberdyne HAL 200
3.6 Parker Hannifin 201
3.6.1 Parker Hannifin Indego 203
3.6.2 Parker Hannifin Indego Applications 208
3.6.3 Parker Hannifin Indego 210
3.7 Berkley Robotics Laboratory Exoskeletons 212
3.7.1 Berkley Robotics and Human Engineering Laboratory ExoHiker 212
3.7.2 Berkley Robotics and Human Engineering Laboratory ExoClimber 214
3.7.3 Berkeley Lower Extremity Exoskeleton (BLEEX) 216
3.7.4 Berkley Robotics and Human Engineering Laboratory Exoskeleton 216
3.8 Hocoma 218
3.8.1 Hocoma ArmeoBoom 218
3.8.2 Hocoma Arm Weight Support 218
3.8.3 Hocoma Scientific Arm Weight Support Results 219
3.8.4 Hocoma ArmeoSpring Pediatric 220
3.8.5 Hocoma Early Rehabilitation Therapy 222
3.8.6 Hocoma LokoMat 225
3.8.7 Hocoma ArmeoSpring Based On An Ergonomic Arm Exoskeleton 230
3.8.8 Hocoma Armeo®Spring Clinical Success 230
3.8.9 Hocoma Armeo Functional Therapy Of The Upper Extremities 232
3.8.10 Hocoma Armeo®Spring – Functional Arm and Hand Therapy 233
3.9 AlterG: PK100 PowerKnee 235
3.9.1 AlterG Bionic Leg 237
3.9.2 Alterg / Tibion Bionic Leg 239
3.9.3 AlterG Bionic Leg Customer Base 241
3.9.4 AlterG M300 241
3.9.5 AlterG M300 Robotic Rehabilitation Treadmill 245
3.10 Catholic University of America Arm Therapy Robot ARMin III 247
3.10.1 Catholic University of America Armin Iii Project Description: 248
3.10.2 Catholic University of America HandSOME Hand Spring Operated Movement Enhancer 249
3.11 U.S. Special Operations Command SOCOM Wearable Exoskeleton 250
3.11.1 DARPA Funded Exoskeleton 252
3.11.2 Darpa Secure, Smartphone Device 254
3.11.3 Trek Aerospace Springtail/XFV Exo-skeletor Flying Vehicle 255
3.12 Revision Military Kinetic Operations Suit 256
3.13 HEXORR: Hand EXOskeleton Rehabilitation Robot 258
3.14 Mira Lopes Gait Rehabilitation Device 262
3.14.1 Prototype of University of Twente LOPES with 8 Actuated Degrees of Freedom 263
3.15 China North Industries Group Corporation (NORINCO) 266
3.15.1 Chinese Exoskeletons for Combat 266
3.16 Russian Army: Combat Exoskeletons By 2020 269
3.17 UK Exoskeleton 272
3.17.1 UK Exoskeleton Law Enforcement 275
3.17.2 UK Armed Police Super-Light Graphene Vests 276
3.17.3 Brain-Machine Interface (BMI) Based Robotic Exoskeleton 277
3.18 University of Texas in Austin: Robotic Upper-Body Rehab Exoskeleton277
3.19 Daewoo Begins Testing Robotic Exoskeletons for Shipyard Workers in
South Korea 279
3.19.1 Daewoo Robotic Suit Gives Shipyard Workers Super Strength 281
3.19.2 Daewoo Shipbuilding & Marine Engineering 285
3.19.3 Daewoo Shipbuilding & Marine Engineering (DSME) Wearable Robot
Tank Insulation Boxes of LNG Carriers 287
3.20 Lockheed HULC Exoskeleton 292
3.20.1 Lockheed Martin FORTIS Exoskeleton 293

4. EXOSKELETON TECHNOLOGY 298
4.1 Industrial Robot Exoskeleton Standards 298
4.2 Exoskeleton Standards Use Environment 301
4.2.1 Sarcos Guardian XOS Industrial Applications 303
4.2.2 UK Armed Police Super-Light Graphene Vests From US Army 305
4.2.3 Daewoo Wearable Robot Is Made Of Carbon, Aluminum Alloy And Steel 305
4.2.4 Cyberdyne HAL for Labor Support and HAL for Care Support Meet ISO 13482 Standard 306
4.3 Exoskeleton Medical Technology 306
4.4 Robotic Actuator Energy 307
4.4.1 Elastic Actuators 309
4.4.2 General Atomics Hybrid-Electric Power Unit 310
4.5 Robotic Risk Mitigation 311
4.6 Exoskeleton Multi-Factor Solutions 315
4.6.1 Biometallic Materials Titanium (Ti) and its Alloys 315
4.7 Cognitive Science 316
4.8 Artificial Muscle 317
4.9 Regulations 319

5. EXOSKELETON COMPANY PROFILES 321
5.1 AlterG 321
5.1.1 AlterG M300 Customers 325
5.1.2 AlterG M300 331
5.1.3 AlterG™ Acquires Tibion Bionic Leg 332
5.2 China North Industries Group Corporation (NORINCO) 333
5.2.1 China North Industries Corporation (NORINCO) Revenue 336
5.3 Cyberdyne 337
5.3.1 Cyberdyne Wants to Offer Robot Suit HAL in the U.S. 342
5.3.2 Robot Exoskeletons At Japan’s Airports 345
5.3.3 To Offset Aging Workforce, Japan Turns to Robot-Worked Airports 346
5.4 Ekso Bionics 348
5.4.1 Ekso Able-Bodied Exoskeletons 350
5.4.2 Ekso Bionics Holdings 351
5.4.3 Ekso Fourth Quarter And Full Year 2014 Financial Results 353
5.4.4 Ekso Bionics Seeks To Lead The Technological Revolutions 354
5.4.5 Ekso Bionics HULC Technology Licensed to the Lockheed Martin Corporation 355
5.4.6 Ekso Bionics Regional Presence 355
5.4.7 Ekso Bionics Customers 356
5.5 Hocoma 364
5.5.1 Hocoma Robotic Exoskeleton For Integrated Arm And Hand Rehabilitation After Stroke 365
5.5.2 Hocoma Robotic Rehabilitation 366
5.5.3 Hocoma Revenue 368
5.6 Lockheed Martin 369
5.6.1 Lockheed Martin First Quarter 2015 Results 370
5.6.2 Lockheed Martin Symphony Improvised Explosive
Device Jammer Systems 375
5.6.3 Lockheed Martin Aeronautics Revenue 375
5.6.4 Lockheed Martin Electronic Systems 380
5.6.5 Lockheed Martin 383
5.7 Parker Hannifin 384
5.7.1 Parker Revenue for Fiscal 2015 Second Quarter Sales 385
5.7.2 Parker Hannifin Segment Results Fiscal 2015 Second Quarter 386
5.7.3 Parker and Freedom Innovations’ Partnership 386
5.7.4 Parker Hannifin Indego License 389
5.8 Revision Military 390
5.9 ReWalk Robotics 393
5.9.1 ReWalk Revenue 395
5.9.2 ReWalk Year-End 2014 Financial Highlights 397
5.9.3 ReWalk First Mover Advantage 398
5.9.4 ReWalk Strategic Alliance with Yaskawa Electric Corporation 398
5.9.5 ReWalk Scalable Manufacturing Capability Withsanmina 399
5.9.6 ReWalk Leverages Core Technology Platforms 401
5.10 RexBionics 401
5.11 Rostec 402
5.11.1 Rostec Lines Of Business 403
5.11.2 Rostec Corporation Objectives 404
5.12 Sarcos 406
5.12.1 Sarcos LC Acquires Raytheon Sarcos Unit 407
5.13 Shepherd Center 408
5.14 Socom (U.S. Special Operations Command) 408
5.15 Trek Aerospace 410
5.16 University of Twente 413
5.17 United Instrument Manufacturing Corporation 414


Table ES-1 37
Rehabilitation Robot Market Driving Forces 37
Figure ES-2 40
Exoskeleton Market Shares, Dollars, Worldwide, 2014 40
Figure ES-3 41
Wearable Robot, Exoskeleton Robot Market Shipments Forecasts Dollars,
Worldwide, 2015-2021 41
Table 1-1 64
Robotic Rehabilitation Devices Automated Process Benefits 64
Table 1-2 67
Robotic Rehabilitation Devices Emerging Technologies 67
Table 1-3 68
Robotic Rehabilitation Wearable Devices Benefits 68
Table 1-4 70
Rehabilitation Involves Relearning Lost Function 70
Table 1-5 71
Rehabilitation Lost Function Relearning Initiatives 71
Table 2-1 82
Rehabilitation Robot Market Driving Forces 82
Figure 2-2 85
Wearable Robot Exoskeleton Market Shares, Dollars, Worldwide, 2014 85
Table 2-3 86
Wearable Robot Exoskeleton Market Shares, Dollars, Worldwide, 2014 86
Table 2-4 89
Exoskeleton Rehabilitation Robot Market Shares, Dollars and Units, Worldwide,
2014 89
Table 2-5 93
Hocoma Robotic Rehabilitation Used In Rehabilitation Medicine: 93
Figure 2-6 95
Homoca Continuum of Rehabilitation 95
Figure 2-7 96
Comparison of the Hocoma Armeo Products 96
Figure 2-8 99
Wearable Robot, Exoskeleton Robot Market Shipments Forecasts Dollars,
Worldwide, 2015-2021 99
Table 2-9 100
Exoskeleton Wearable Robots: Dollars Shipments, Worldwide, 2015-2021 100
Table 2-10 101
Exoskeleton Robots: Units Shipments, Worldwide, 2015-2021 101
Table 2-11 102
Wearable Robot Exoskeleton Market Segments, High End and Low End, Units and
Dollars, Worldwide, 2015-2021 102
Table 2-12 103
Wearable Robots, Exoskeleton Robot Market Segments, Medical and Industrial,
Dollars, Worldwide, 2015-2021 103
Table 2-13 105
Wearable Robots, Exoskeleton Robot Market Segments, Medical, Quadriplegia,
Multiple Sclerosis, Stroke and Cerebral Palsy, Dollars, Worldwide, 2015-2021 105
Table 2-14 106
Wearable Robots, Exoskeleton Robot Market Segments, Medical, Quadriplegia,
Multiple Sclerosis, Stroke and Cerebral Palsy, Percent, Worldwide, 2015-2021106
Table 2-15 109
Spinal Cord Injury Causes, Worldwide, 2014 109
Figure 2-16 111
Daewoo Robotic Exoskeletons for Shipyard Workers in South Korea 111
Table 2-17 113
Wearable Robots, Exoskeleton Robot Market Segments, Industrial, Ship Building,
Construction, Warehouse, and Manufacturing, Dollars, Worldwide, 2015-2021113
Table 2-18 114
Wearable Robots, Exoskeleton Robot Market Segments, Industrial, Ship Building,
Construction, Warehouse, and Manufacturing, Percent, Worldwide, 2015-2021
Figure 2-19 115
Table 2-20 116
Robot Market Segments, Industrial, Warehouse Logistics, Cargo Unloading,
Military, Surgical, Medical, Rehabilitation, Agricultural, Cleaning, Drones, Market
Forecasts 2015 to 2020 116
Table 2-21 118
Exoskeleton Market Penetration Forecasts Worldwide, High End Facilities, Small
and Mid Size Rehabilitation Facilities, 2014-2020 118
Table 2-22 119
Exoskeleton Market Segments, Lower Extremities, Upper Extremities, Anti-Gravity
High End, Anti-Gravity Low End, and Tools Worldwide, 2014-2020 119
Table 2-23 120
Rehabilitation Small and Mid-Size Facility Robot Market Penetration Forecasts
Worldwide, 2014-2020 120
Table 2-24 121
Rehabilitation High End Facility Robot Market Penetration Forecasts, Worldwide,
2014-2020 121
Table 2-25 125
Rehabilitation Robot Categories 125
Table 2-26 127
US Stroke Incidence Numbers 127
Table 2-27 130
Physical Therapy Enhances Recovery After Hip Injury 130
Figure 2-28 133
Rehabilitation Robots Regional Market Segments, Dollars, 2014 133
Table 2-29 134
Rehabilitation Robots Regional Market Segments, 2014 134
Figure 2-30 137
Japanese Exoskeleton Self-Defense Forces 137
Figure 2-31 138
Source: Ekso Bionics. 138
Figure 2-32 139
Chinese Researchers at the PLA Information Engineering University Test How To
Control Robots With The Mind 139
Figure 2-33 143
Daewoo Robotic Exoskeletons for Shipyard Workers in South Korea 143
Figure 3-1 152
Figure 3-2 154
Ekso Bionics Gait Training 154
Figure 3-3 155
Ekso Bionics Gait Training Functions 155
Table 3-4 156
Ekso Gait Training Exoskeleton Functions 156
Table 3-5 157
Ekso Gait Training Exoskeleton Functions 157
Figure 3-6 158
Ekso Bionics Step Support System 158
Table 3-7 159
Ekso Bionics Operation Modes 159
3.1.11 Ekso Bionics 160
Figure 3-8 161
Figure 3-9 162
Ekso Bionics Bionic Suit 162
Table 3-10 164
Ekso GT™ Variable Assist to Physical Conditions 164
Table 3-11 170
ReWalk Personal 6.0 Benefits 170
Figure 3-12 172
ReWalk Robotics Exoskeleton Technology 172
Figure 3-13 173
ReWalk Robotics Exoskeleton Wrist Technology 173
Figure 3-14 174
ReWalk Controls Movement Using Subtle Changes In Center Of Gravity, Mimics
The Natural Gait Pattern Of The Legs 174
Figure 3-15 176
ReWalk Forward Tilt Of The Upper Body Is Sensed By The System, Which Triggers
The First Step 176
Figure 3-16 180
ReWalk–Q 180
Figure 3-17 181
Sarcos XOS Exoframe 181
Figure 3-18 182
Sarcos Guardian XO Capabilities 182
Figure 3-19 183
Sarcos Guardian XOS 183
Table 3-20 184
Sarcos Guardian XOS Capabilities 184
Figure 3-21 184
Sarcos Robot-as-a-Service (RaaS) Model 184
Figure 3-22 185
Sarcos Exoskeleton Developed by Raytheon 185
Figure 3-23 186
Sarcos Raytheon XOS Exoskeleton 186
Figure 3-24 187
Raytheon XOS 2: Second Generation Exoskeleton 187
Figure 3-25 189
Sarcos Wear Exoskeleton Timeline 189
Figure 3-26 191
Raytheon Tethered Exoskeleton 191
Figure 3-27 192
Rex Bionics Rex 192
Figure 3-28 194
Rex Bionics Rex P 194
Figure 3-29 195
RexBionics Hands-Free, Robotic Walking Device 195
Figure 3-30 200
Applications of Cyberdyne HAL 200
Table 3-31 201
Applications of Cyberdyne HAL 201
Figure 3-32 202
Parker Hannifin Indego 202
Table 3-33 203
Parker Hannifin Indego Strategies 203
Table 3-34 204
Parker Hannifin Indego’s Features 204
Table 3-35 205
Parker Hannifin Indego Benefits 205
Figure 3-36 206
Parker Hannifin Robotic Device 206
Table 3-37 207
Parker Hannifin Exoskeleton Components 207
Table 3-38 208
Parker Hannifin Indego Trial Facilities 208
Figure 3-39 211
Parker Hannifin Indego Exoskeleton 211
Figure 3-40 213
Berkley Robotics and Human Engineering Laboratory ExoHiker 213
Figure 3-41 215
Berkley Robotics and Human Engineering Laboratory ExoClimber 215
Table 3-42 216
Berkley Robotics and Human Engineering Laboratory Exoskeleton 216
Table 3-43 220
Hocoma Armeo Advantages 220
Table 3-44 221
Hocoma ArmeoSpring Pediatric KEY FACTS 221
Table 3-45 222
Hocoma ArmeoSpring Pediatric CLINICAL BENEFITS 222
Figure 3-46 226
Hocoma Lokomat Pro 226
Table 3-47 227
Hocoma Patient Rehabilitation Conditions Addressed 227
Table 3-48 228
Hocoma Robotic Improvements to Rehabilitation 228
Table 3-49 229
Hocoma Products 229
Table 3-50 229
Hocoma Rehabilitation Functional Therapy 229
Figure 3-51 232
Hocoma Armeo Power Robotic Arm Exoskeleton 232
Figure 3-52 234
Clinical Example of Patients Using the Hocoma Armeo®Spring 234
Figure 3-53 235
AlterG: PK100 PowerKnee 235
Figure 3-54 237
AlterG Bionic Neurologic And Orthopedic Therapy Leg 237
Figure 3-55 239
Tibion Bionic Leg 239
Figure 3-56 242
AlterG M300 Robotic Rehabilitation Treadmill 242
Figure 3-57 243
AlterG M300 Robotic Leg, Knee and Thigh Rehabilitation Treadmill 243
Table 3-58 244
AlterG Anti-Gravity Treadmill Precise Unweighting Technology Patient
Rehabilitation Functions 244
Figure 3-59 246
AlterG Anti-Gravity Treadmill Heals patient Faster 246
Figure 3-60 247
ARMin III Robot For Movement Therapy Following Stroke 247
Table 3-61 250
U.S. Special Operations Command Socom First-Generation TALOS Wearable
Exoskeleton Suit 250
Figure 3-62 255
Trek Aerospace Springtail/XFV Exo-Skeletor Flying Vehicle 255
Table 3-63 259
HEXORR: Hand EXOskeleton Rehabilitation Robot Technology Benefits 259
Table 3-64 259
HEXORR: Hand EXOskeleton Rehabilitation Robot Technology Monitoring 259
Table 3-65 260
HEXORR: Hand EXOskeleton Rehabilitation Robot Treatment Benefits 260
Table 3-66 261
HEXORR: Hand EXOskeleton Rehabilitation Robot Technology Force and Motion
Sensor Benefits 261
Figure 3-67 263
Prototype of University to Twente in the Netherlands LOPES with 8 actuated
Degrees of Freedom by Means Of Series Elastic Actuation 263
Figure 3-68 264
Prototype of University to Twente in the Netherlands LOPES with 8 actuated
Degrees of Freedom by Means Of Series Elastic Actuation 264
Figure 3-69 267
China North Industries Group Assisted Lifting 267
Figure 3-70 268
Chinese Future Exoskeleton Warrior 268
Table 3-71 270
Russian Army: Combat Exoskeleton Features 270
Figure 3-72 271
Russian Exoskeleton Prototype 271
Figure 3-73 273
UK Equipping police officers with technology 273
Figure 3-74 274
UK Police Officer Exoskeleton 274
Figure 3-75 275
UK Exoskeleton Provides Compelling Law Enforcement Presence 275
Figure 3-76 278
University of Texas in Austin Robotic Upper Arm Exoskeleton 278
Figure 3-77 280
Daewoo Robotic Exoskeletons for Shipyard Workers in South Korea 280
Figure 3-78 283
Daewoo Exoskeleton 28-Kilogram Frame Weight. 283
Figure 3-79 284
Daewoo Exoskeleton Lifting 284
Figure 3-80 287
Daewoo Shipbuilding Wearable Robot Box Carrying Applications 287
Figure 3-81 288
Daewoo Shipbuilding & Marine Engineering (DSME) Wearable Robot Tank
Insulation 288
Figure 3-82 290
Daewoo Insulation Boxes Used To Line The Tanks of LNG Carriers 290
Figure 3-83 291
Daewoo Shipbuilding Wearable Robot Applications 291
Figure 3-84 292
Lockheed HULC Exoskeleton 292
Figure 3-85 294
Lockheed Martin FORTIS Exoskeleton Welding 294
Figure 3-86 295
Lockheed Martin FORTIS Exoskeleton Supporting 295
Figure 3-87 297
US Navy Lockheed Martin Exoskeleton 297
Table 4-1 299
Industrial Exoskeleton Standards Benefits 299
Table 4-2 300
Industrial Exoskeleton Standards Functions 300
Figure 4-3 302
Industrial Robot Exoskeleton Standards 302
Figure 4-4 303
Sarcos Guardian XO Capabilities 303
Figure 4-5 304
Sarcos Guardian XOS Work Augmentation 304
Table 4-6 311
Exoskeleton System Concerns Addressed During System Design 311
Table 4-10 316
Rehabilitation Robots Software Functions 316
Table 5-1 321
AlterG Anti-Gravity Treadmillsr Features 321
Built on differential air pressure technology 321
Table 5-2 322
AlterG Anti-Gravity Treadmillsr Target Markets 322
Table 5-3 324
AlterG Product Positioning 324
Figure 5-4 326
Selected US Regional AlterG M300 Customer CLusters 326
Figure 5-5 332
AlterG / Tibion Bionic Leg 332
Table 5-6 334
China North Industries Corporation (NORINCO) Enterprise Group Product And
Capital Operations Activities 334
Figure 5-7 343
Cyberdyne HAL Lower Back Support 343
Figure 5-8 356
Ekso Bionics Regional Presence 356
Table 5-9 366
Hocoma Robotic Rehabilitation Used In Rehabilitation Medicine: 366
Table 5-10 367
Hocoma Therapy Solutions Treatments 367
Figure 5-11 371
Lockheed Martin Segment Positioning 371
Table 5-12 374
Lockheed Martin’s Operating Units 374
Figure 5-13 376
Lockheed Martin Aeronautics Segment Positioning 376
Figure 5-14 377
Lockheed Martin Aeronautics Segment Portfolio 377
Figure 5-15 378
Lockheed Martin Aeronautics C130 Worldwide Airlift 378
Figure 5-16 379
Lockheed Martin Aeronautics Falcon Fighter 379
Figure 5-17 380
Lockheed Martin Electronic Systems Portfolio 380
Table 5-18 392
Revision Military On Going Projects 392
Table 5-19 404
Rostec Lines Of Business 404
Table 5-20 405
Rostec Corporation Objectives 405
Table 5-21 406
Principal Functions Of The Corporation 406
Figure 5-22 410
Trek Aerospace Exoskeleton 410
Figure 5-23 411
Trek Aerospace Exoskeleton Components 411

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